Articles | Volume 25, issue 3
Research article
27 Jul 2018
Research article |  | 27 Jul 2018

Laboratory and numerical experiments on stem waves due to monochromatic waves along a vertical wall

Sung Bum Yoon, Jong-In Lee, Young-Take Kim, and Choong Hun Shin

Related subject area

Subject: Nonlinear Waves, Pattern Formation, Turbulence | Topic: Climate, atmosphere, ocean, hydrology, cryosphere, biosphere
Particle clustering and subclustering as a proxy for mixing in geophysical flows
Rishiraj Chakraborty, Aaron Coutino, and Marek Stastna
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 26, 307–324,,, 2019
Short summary
Explosive instability due to flow over a rippled bottom
Anirban Guha and Raunak Raj
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 26, 283–290,,, 2019
Short summary
Internal waves in marginally stable abyssal stratified flows
Nikolay Makarenko, Janna Maltseva, Eugene Morozov, Roman Tarakanov, and Kseniya Ivanova
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 25, 659–669,,, 2018
Short summary
On the phase dependence of the soliton collisions in the Dyachenko–Zakharov envelope equation
Dmitry Kachulin and Andrey Gelash
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 25, 553–563,,, 2018
Short summary
Exceedance frequency of appearance of the extreme internal waves in the World Ocean
Tatyana Talipova, Efim Pelinovsky, Oxana Kurkina, Ayrat Giniyatullin, and Andrey Kurkin
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 25, 511–519,,, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Berger, U. and Kohlhase, S.: Mach-reflection as a diffraction problem, Proc. 15th Conf. Coastal Eng., Honolulu, Hawaii, July 1976, 796–814, 1976. 
Chen, H. S.: Combined reflection and diffraction by a vertical wedge, Tech. Rep. CERC 87-16, US Army Corps of Engrs. (USACE) Wtrwy. Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss., USA, 1987. 
Gidel, F., Bokhove, O., and Kalogirou, A.: Variational modelling of extreme waves through oblique interaction of solitary waves: application to Mach reflection, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 24, 43–60,, 2017. 
Kadomtsev, B. and Petviashvili, V.: On the stability of solitary waves in weakly dispersing media, Sov. Phys. Dokl, 539–541, 1970. 
Kirby, J. T.: Large-angle parabolic equation methods, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Taipei, November, 410–424, 1986. 
Short summary
Laboratory and numerical experiments are conducted to investigate stem waves due to incidence of monochromatic waves. For larger-amplitude waves with smaller angle of incidence, the measured data clearly show stem waves. The resonant interactions between the incident and reflected waves predicted for solitary waves are not observed for the periodic Stokes waves. The existence and the properties of stem waves found theoretically via simulations are favorably supported by the physical experiments.