Articles | Volume 28, issue 2
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 28, 285–293, 2021
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 28, 285–293, 2021

Research article 14 Jun 2021

Research article | 14 Jun 2021

The impact of entrained air on ocean waves

Juan M. Restrepo et al.

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Cited articles

Ayet, A., Chapron, B., Redelsperger, J.-L., Lapeyre, G., and Marié, L.: On the Impact of Long Wind-Waves on Near-Surface Turbulence and Momentum Fluxes, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 174, 465–491, 2020. a
Babuška, I.: Homogenization Approach In Engineering, in: Computing Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, edited by: Glowinski, R. and Lions, J. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, vol. 134,, 1976. a
Bensousan, A., Lions, J. L., and Papanicolaou, G.: Asymptotic Analysis for Periodic Structures, North-Holland Pub. Co., Amsterdam; New York, ISBN 978-0-8218-5324-5, 1978. a
Caflisch, R. E., Miksis, M. J., Papanicolaou, G., and Ting, L.: Wave propagation in bubbly liquids at finite volume fraction, J. Fluid Mech., 160, 1–14, 1985. a
Cavaleri, L., Baldock, T., Bertotti, L., Langodan, S., Olfateh, M., and Pezzutto, P.: What a Sudden Downpour Reveals About Wind Wave Generation, Procedia IUTAM, 26, 70–80, 2018. a
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A homogenization of Navier–Stokes to wave scales allows us to determine that air bubbles suspended near the ocean surface modify the momentum equation, specifically enhancing the vorticity in the flow. A model was derived that relates the rain rate to the production of air bubbles near the ocean surface. At wave scales, the air bubbles enhance the wave dissipation for small gravity or capillary waves.