Status: this preprint was under review for the journal NPG but the revision was not accepted.
A Parallel Hybrid Intelligence Algorithm for Solving Conditional Nonlinear Optimal Perturbation to Identify Optimal Precursors of North Atlantic Oscillation
Bin Mu,Jing Li,Shijin Yuan,Xiaodan Luo,and Guokun Dai
Abstract. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the most prominent atmospheric seesaw phenomenon in North Atlantic Ocean. It has a profound influence on the strength of westerly winds as well as the storm tracks in North Atlantic, thus affecting winter climate in Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the mechanism related with the NAO events. In this paper, conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation (CNOP), which has been widely used in research on the optimal precursor (OPR) of climatic event, is adopted to investigate which kind of initial perturbation is most likely to trigger the NAO anomaly pattern with the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Since CESM does not have an adjoint model, we propose an adjoint-free parallel principal component analysis (PCA) based genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) hybrid algorithm (PGAPSO) to solve CNOP in such a high dimensional numerical model. The results demonstrate that the OPRs obtained by CNOP trigger the reference flow into typical NAO mode, which provide the theoretical underpinning in observation and prediction. Furthermore, the hybrid algorithm can accelerate convergence and avoid falling into a local optimum. After parallelization with Message Passing Interface (MPI) and Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), the PGAPSO algorithm achieves a speed-up of 40× compared with its serial version. The results as mentioned above indicate that the proposed algorithm can efficiently and effectively acquire CNOP and can also be generalized to other complex numerical models.
How to cite. Mu, B., Li, J., Yuan, S., Luo, X., and Dai, G.: A Parallel Hybrid Intelligence Algorithm for Solving Conditional Nonlinear Optimal Perturbation to Identify Optimal Precursors of North Atlantic Oscillation, Nonlin. Processes Geophys. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2019-25, 2019.
Received: 07 May 2019 – Discussion started: 04 Jun 2019
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) phenomenon has a significant impact on the global climate. In this paper, we propose a hybrid algorithm to identify the perturbations that trigger NAO events. The result indicates that the perturbations solved by our method can trigger the NAO mode successfully. Moreover, using the parallel framework, the speedup ratio of the parallel algorithm achieves 40 compared to the serial version.
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) phenomenon has a significant impact on the global climate....