Received: 10 Nov 2017 – Accepted for review: 21 Nov 2017 – Discussion started: 29 Nov 2017
Abstract. Recent work has provided ample evidence that global climate dynamics at time-scales between multiple weeks and several years can be severely affected by the episodic occurrence of both, internal (climatic) and external (non-climatic) perturbations. Here, we aim to improve our understanding on how regional to local disruptions of the “normal” state of the global surface air temperature field affect the corresponding global teleconnectivity structure. Specifically, we present an approach to quantify teleconnectivity based on different characteristics of functional climate network analysis. Subsequently, we apply this framework to study the impacts of different phases of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as well as the three largest volcanic eruptions since the mid 20th century on the dominating spatio-temporal co-variability patterns of daily surface air temperatures. Our results confirm the existence of global effects of ENSO which result in episodic breakdowns of the hierarchical organization of the global temperature field. This is associated with the emergence of strong teleconnections. At more regional scales, similar effects are found after major volcanic eruptions. Taken together, the resulting time-dependent patterns of network connectivity allow a tracing of the spatial extents of the dominating effects of both types of climate disruptions. We discuss possible links between these observations and general aspects of atmospheric circulation.
How to cite. Kittel, T., Ciemer, C., Lotfi, N., Peron, T., Rodrigues, F., Kurths, J., and Donner, R. V.: Global teleconnectivity structures of the El Niño-Southern
Oscillation and large volcanic eruptions – An evolving network
perspective, Nonlin. Processes Geophys. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2017-69, 2017.