Articles | Volume 20, issue 4
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 455–466, 2013

Special issue: Multifractional Brownian motions in geosciences

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 455–466, 2013

Research article 11 Jul 2013

Research article | 11 Jul 2013

Intermittency and multifractional Brownian character of geomagnetic time series

G. Consolini1, R. De Marco1, and P. De Michelis2 G. Consolini et al.
  • 1INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, 00133 Rome, Italy
  • 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 00143 Rome, Italy

Abstract. The Earth's magnetosphere exhibits a complex behavior in response to the solar wind conditions. This behavior, which is described in terms of mutifractional Brownian motions, could be the consequence of the occurrence of dynamical phase transitions. On the other hand, it has been shown that the dynamics of the geomagnetic signals is also characterized by intermittency at the smallest temporal scales. Here, we focus on the existence of a possible relationship in the geomagnetic time series between the multifractional Brownian motion character and the occurrence of intermittency. In detail, we investigate the multifractional nature of two long time series of the horizontal intensity of the Earth's magnetic field as measured at L'Aquila Geomagnetic Observatory during two years (2001 and 2008), which correspond to different conditions of solar activity. We propose a possible double origin of the intermittent character of the small-scale magnetic field fluctuations, which is related to both the multifractional nature of the geomagnetic field and the intermittent character of the disturbance level. Our results suggest a more complex nature of the geomagnetic response to solar wind changes than previously thought.