Articles | Volume 19, issue 6
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 19, 693–701, 2012
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 19, 693–701, 2012

Research article 12 Dec 2012

Research article | 12 Dec 2012

Fractal dimension analysis of the magnetic time series associated with the volcanic activity of Popocatépetl

E. L. Flores-Marquez1, G. Galvez-Coyt2, and G. Cifuentes-Nava1 E. L. Flores-Marquez et al.
  • 1Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Institutos S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, 04510 D.F., México
  • 2Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Avenida Acueducto S/N, Colonia Barrio la Laguna Ticomán, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, 07340 D.F., México

Abstract. Fractal analysis of the total magnetic field (TMF) time series from 1997 to 2003 at Popocatépetl Volcano is performed and compared with the TMF-series of the Teoloyucan Magnetic Observatory, 100 km away. Using Higuchi's fractal dimension method (D). The D changes over time for both series were computed. It was observed, when the time windows used to compute D increase in length, both series show nearly the same behavior. Some criteria of comparison were employed to discriminate the local effects inherent to volcano-magnetism. The simultaneous maximum in D (1.8) of the TMF series at Popocatépetl Volcano and the recovered volcanic activity indicates a scaling relation of the TMF at Popocatépetl Volcano and demonstrates a link between the magnetic field and volcanic activity.