Articles | Volume 10, issue 1/2
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 10, 65–73, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-10-65-2003

Special issue: 4th International Workshop on Nonlinear Waves and Chaos in...

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 10, 65–73, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-10-65-2003

  30 Apr 2003

30 Apr 2003

Some theoretical models for solitary structures of boundary layer waves

G. S. Lakhina1, B. T. Tsurutani2, S. V. Singh3, and R. V. Reddy3 G. S. Lakhina et al.
  • 1Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Colaba, Mumbai, India
  • 2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 3Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Colaba, Mumbai, India

Abstract. Solitary electrostatic structures have been observed in and around auroral zone field lines at various altitudes ranging from close to the ionosphere, to the magnetopause low-latitude boundary layer (LLBL) and cusp on the dayside, and to the plasma sheet boundary layer on the night-side. In this review, various models based on solitons/double layers and BGK modes or phase space holes are discussed in order to explain the characteristics of these solitary structures.