Multiplicative cascade processes and information integration for predictive mapping
Abstract. This paper presents a new model proposed on the basis of multiplicative cascade process (MCP) theory for integrating spatial information to be used for mineral resources prediction and environmental impact assessment. Probability of a spatial point event is defined as the probability that a small map calculating unit (map unit) randomly selected from a study area contains one or more points. The probability that such unit randomly selected from a subarea with known spatial binary map patterns (evidential layers) contains one or more points is defined as the posterior point event probability. In this paper, processes of integrating multiple binary map patterns that divide the study area into smaller areas with updated posterior probabilities are viewed as multiplicative cascade processes resulting in a new log-linear model for calculating conditional probabilities from the multiple evidential input layers. The coefficients (weights) involved in this model measuring degree of spatial correlation between point event and the evidential layers are found to be associated with singularity indices involved in multifractal modeling. It is demonstrated that the model is simple and easy to be implemented in comparison with the existing weights of evidence model which is commonly applied in spatial decision modeling. In addition, the posterior probability as the end product of a multiplicative cascade process can be used to describe multifractality and singularity which are useful properties for characterizing spatial distribution of predicted point events. A case study of tin mineral potential mapping in the Gejiu mineral district in China is used to illustrate principles and use of the modeling process. Four binary layers: formation of limestone, buffer distance for intersections of three groups of faults, local and regional geochemical anomalies of elements As, Sn, Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd, were combined for mapping potential areas for occurrence of tin mineral deposits.