Articles | Volume 18, issue 1
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 81–89, 2011
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 81–89, 2011

Research article 14 Feb 2011

Research article | 14 Feb 2011

Hidden semi-Markov Model based earthquake classification system using Weighted Finite-State Transducers

M. Beyreuther and J. Wassermann M. Beyreuther and J. Wassermann
  • Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences (Geophys. Observatory), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany

Abstract. Automatic earthquake detection and classification is required for efficient analysis of large seismic datasets. Such techniques are particularly important now because access to measures of ground motion is nearly unlimited and the target waveforms (earthquakes) are often hard to detect and classify. Here, we propose to use models from speech synthesis which extend the double stochastic models from speech recognition by integrating a more realistic duration of the target waveforms. The method, which has general applicability, is applied to earthquake detection and classification. First, we generate characteristic functions from the time-series. The Hidden semi-Markov Models are estimated from the characteristic functions and Weighted Finite-State Transducers are constructed for the classification. We test our scheme on one month of continuous seismic data, which corresponds to 370 151 classifications, showing that incorporating the time dependency explicitly in the models significantly improves the results compared to Hidden Markov Models.