Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Research article
19 Sep 2011
Research article |  | 19 Sep 2011

Nonlinear optimization set pair analysis model (NOSPAM) for assessing water resource renewability

X. H. Yang, X. J. Zhang, X. X. Hu, Z. F. Yang, and J. Q. Li

Abstract. There is much uncertain information which is very difficult to quantify in the water resource renewability assessment (WRRA). The index weights are the key parameters in the assessment model. To assess the water resource renewability rationally, a novel nonlinear optimization set pair analysis model (NOSPAM) is proposed, in which a nonlinear optimization model based on gray-encoded hybrid accelerating genetic algorithm is given to determine the weights by optimizing subjective and objective information, as well as an improved set pair analysis model based on the connection degree is established to deal with certain-uncertain information. In addition, a new calculating formula is established for determining certain-uncertain information quantity in NOSPAM. NOSPAM is used to assess the water resource renewability of the nine administrative divisions in the Yellow River Basin. Results show that NOSPAM can deal with the uncertain information, subjective and objective information. Compared with other nonlinear assessment methods (such as the gray associate analysis method and fuzzy assessment method), the advantage of NOSPAM is that it can not only rationally determine the index weights, but also measure the uncertain information quantity in the WRRA. This NOSPAM model is an extension to nonlinear assessment models.