Articles | Volume 12, issue 6
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 12, 891–945, 2005
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 12, 891–945, 2005

  03 Nov 2005

03 Nov 2005

Self-similarity of wind-driven seas

S. I. Badulin2, A. N. Pushkarev4,5, D. Resio3, and V. E. Zakharov1,2,4,5 S. I. Badulin et al.
  • 1University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
  • 2P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 3Waterways Experiment Station, USA, Vicksburg, Massachusets, USA
  • 4Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academyof Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 5Waves and Solitons LLC, Phoenix, Arizona, USA

Abstract. The results of theoretical and numerical study of the Hasselmann kinetic equation for deep water waves in presence of wind input and dissipation are presented. The guideline of the study: nonlinear transfer is the dominating mechanism of wind-wave evolution. In other words, the most important features of wind-driven sea could be understood in a framework of conservative Hasselmann equation while forcing and dissipation determine parameters of a solution of the conservative equation. The conservative Hasselmann equation has a rich family of self-similar solutions for duration-limited and fetch-limited wind-wave growth. These solutions are closely related to classic stationary and homogeneous weak-turbulent Kolmogorov spectra and can be considered as non-stationary and non-homogeneous generalizations of these spectra. It is shown that experimental parameterizations of wind-wave spectra (e.g. JONSWAP spectrum) that imply self-similarity give a solid basis for comparison with theoretical predictions. In particular, the self-similarity analysis predicts correctly the dependence of mean wave energy and mean frequency on wave age Cp / U10. This comparison is detailed in the extensive numerical study of duration-limited growth of wind waves. The study is based on algorithm suggested by Webb (1978) that was first realized as an operating code by Resio and Perrie (1989, 1991). This code is now updated: the new version is up to one order faster than the previous one. The new stable and reliable code makes possible to perform massive numerical simulation of the Hasselmann equation with different models of wind input and dissipation. As a result, a strong tendency of numerical solutions to self-similar behavior is shown for rather wide range of wave generation and dissipation conditions. We found very good quantitative coincidence of these solutions with available results on duration-limited growth, as well as with experimental parametrization of fetch-limited spectra JONSWAP in terms of wind-wave age Cp / U10.