Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 12, 353–361, 2005

Special issue: Seismicity pattern dynamics

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 12, 353–361, 2005

  25 Feb 2005

25 Feb 2005

Fractal behaviour of the seismicity in the Southern Iberian Peninsula

X. Lana1, M. D. Martínez2, A. M. Posadas4,3, and J. A. Canas5 X. Lana et al.
  • 1Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear, Univ. Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
  • 2Departament de Física Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 649, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
  • 4Instituto Andaluz de Geofísica y de Prevención de Desastres Sísmicos, Universidad de Granada, 18080 Granada, Spain
  • 5Departament d’Enginyeria del Terreny, Geofísica i Cartográfica, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Gran Capità s/n, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Abstract. The fractal behaviour of the seismicity in the Southern Iberian Peninsula is analysed by considering two different series of data: the distance and the elapsed time between consecutive seismic events recorded by the seismic network of the Andalusian Institute of Geophysics (AIG). The fractal analyses have been repeated by considering four threshold magnitudes of 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0. The re-scaled analysis lets to determine if the seismicity shows strong randomness or if it is characterised by time-persistence and the cluster dimension indicates the degree of time and spatial clustering of the seismicity. Another analysis, based on the reconstruction theorem, permits to evaluate the minimum number of nonlinear equations describing the dynamical mechanism of the seismicity, its "loss of memory", its chaotic character and the instability of a possible predicting algorithm. The results obtained depict some differences depending on distances or elapsed times and the different threshold levels of magnitude also lead to slightly different results. Additionally, only a part of the fractal tools, the re-scaled analysis, have been applied to five seismic crises in the same area.