Toward an understanding of the nonlinear nature of atmospheric photochemistry: Origin of the complicated dynamic behaviour of the mesospheric photochemical system
- Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Ulyanov Str., Nizhny Novgorod, 603600 Russia
Abstract. The methods of nonlinear dynamics are used to reveal the origin of complicated dynamic behaviour (CDB) of a dynamic model of the mesospheric photochemical system (PCS) perturbed by diurnal variations in photolysis rates. We found that CDB appearance during the multi-day evolution is unambiguously determined by two peculiarities in the model behaviour during its 24-hours evolution. These peculiarities are the presence of a stage of abrupt changes in reagent concentrations and the "humped" dependence of the end-night atomic hydrogen concentrations on those at the beginning of the night. Using a successive analysis we found that these two peculiarities are, in turn, conditioned by the specific features of the chemical processes involved in the model, namely, by the catalytic cycle whose net rate is independent of the concentration of the destroyed species (here, it is atomic oxygen). We believe that similar peculiarities inherent in other atmospheric PCSs indicate that under appropriate conditions they may also demonstrate CDB. We identified the mechanism of the CDB appearance and described it in two ways. The first one reveals a sequence of the processes causing the exponential (on the average) growth of a perturbation of the solution with time. In particular, we found that the behaviour of small perturbations of an arbitrary solution of model equations is identical to the behaviour of a linear oscillator excited parametrically. The second way shows the mechanism of CDB appearance by means of 1-dimensional mapping, which is, basically, the same as the well-known Feigenbaum mappings.