Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 239–248, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-20-239-2013
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 239–248, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-20-239-2013

Research article 26 Apr 2013

Research article | 26 Apr 2013

Estimation of the local response to a forcing in a high dimensional system using the fluctuation-dissipation theorem

F. C. Cooper1, J. G. Esler2, and P. H. Haynes3 F. C. Cooper et al.
  • 1Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • 2Department of Mathematics, University College, London, UK
  • 3Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Abstract. The fluctuation-dissipation theorem (FDT) has been proposed as a method of calculating the response of the earth's atmosphere to a forcing. For this problem the high dimensionality of the relevant data sets makes truncation necessary. Here we propose a method of truncation based upon the assumption that the response to a localised forcing is spatially localised, as an alternative to the standard method of choosing a number of the leading empirical orthogonal functions. For systems where this assumption holds, the response to any sufficiently small non-localised forcing may be estimated using a set of truncations that are chosen algorithmically. We test our algorithm using 36 and 72 variable versions of a stochastic Lorenz 95 system of ordinary differential equations. We find that, for long integrations, the bias in the response estimated by the FDT is reduced from ~75% of the true response to ~30%.