Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 14, 569–573, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-14-569-2007
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 14, 569–573, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-14-569-2007

  03 Sep 2007

03 Sep 2007

An artificial neural network predictor for tropospheric surface duct phenomena

S. A. Isaakidis1, I. N. Dimou2, T. D. Xenos1, and N. A. Dris3 S. A. Isaakidis et al.
  • 1Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 2Technical University of Crete, Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, 73100 Chania, Greece
  • 3Hellenic National Meteorological Service (HNMS), 16777 Helliniko, Greece

Abstract. In this work, an artificial neural network (ANN) model is developed and used to predict the presence of ducting phenomena for a specific time, taking into account ground values of atmospheric pressure, relative humidity and temperature. A feed forward backpropagation ANN is implemented, which is trained, validated and tested using atmospheric radiosonde data from the Helliniko airport, for the period from 1991 to 2004. The network's quality and generality is assessed using the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) Curves (AUC), which resulted to a mean value of about 0.86 to 0.90, depending on the observation time. In order to validate the ANN results and to evaluate any further improvement options of the proposed method, the problem was additionally treated using Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM) classifiers, trained and tested with identical data sets for direct performance comparison with the ANN. Furthermore, time series prediction and the effect of surface wind to the presence of tropospheric ducts appearance are discussed. The results show that the ANN model presented here performs efficiently and gives successful tropospheric ducts predictions.