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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 1/2
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 10, 131–138, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-10-131-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Special issue: 4th International Workshop on Nonlinear Waves and Chaos in...

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 10, 131–138, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-10-131-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

  30 Apr 2003

30 Apr 2003

Resonant-to-nonresonant transition in electrostatic ion-cyclotron wave phase velocity

J. J. Carroll III1,2, M. E. Koepke1, M. W. Zintl1,3, and V. Gavrishchaka4 J. J. Carroll III et al.
  • 1Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6315, USA
  • 2present address: Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, USA
  • 3present address: SARA, Inc., Huntington Beach, CA 92649, USA
  • 4Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA 22102, USA

Abstract. Because of the implications for plasmas in the laboratory and in space, attention has been drawn to inhomogeneous energy-density driven (IEDD) waves that are sustained by velocity-shear-induced inhomogeneity in cross-field plasma flow. These waves have a frequency vr in the lab frame within an order of magnitude of the ion gyrofrequency vci, propagate nearly perpendicular to the magnetic field (kz /k^ << 1), and can be Landau resonant (0 < v1/kz < nd) with a parallel drifting electron population (drift speed nd), where subscripts 1 and r indicate frequency in the frame of flowing ions and in the lab frame, respectively, and kz is the parallel component of the wavevector. A transition in phase velocity from 0 < v1/kz < nd to 0 > v1/kz > nd for a pair of IEDD eigenmodes is observed as the degree of in-homogeneity in the transverse E × B flow is increased in a magnetized plasma column. For weaker velocity shear, both eigenmodes are dissipative, i.e. in Landau resonance, with kz nd > 0. For stronger shear, both eigenmodes become reactive, with one's wavevector component kz remaining parallel, but with v1/kz > nd , and the other's wavevector component kz becoming anti-parallel, so that 0 > v1/kz . For both eigenmodes, the transition (1) involves a small frequency shift and (2) does not involve a sign change in the wave energy density, which is proportional to vr v1, both of which are previously unrecognized aspects of inhomogeneous energy-density driven waves.

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